A standard line consists of 52 characters including spaces (spaces, because otherwise you would find it difficult to read the text; also, spaces have to be typed). Normally, we use the number of characters indicated in Microsoft Word divided by 52 to calculate. However, Word does not count headers, footers, or text boxes; so sometimes we have to export a file to enable an accurate count of the actual number of characters. Standard lines are the usual basis for calculation in Germany, whereas other countries tend to use the source word count or target word count.